Hawane Nature Reserve was first established in 1978 to protect an area of marsh along the Mbuluzi River. This area included the natural habitat of Kniphofia umbrina, a rare Swaziland endemic red hot poker. When the Hawane dam was built in 1988 to provide Mbabane's water supply, the reserve was expanded to protect the surrounding wetlands.The reserve is managed by the Swaziland National Trust Commission. The reserve's main attraction is its wealth of birdlife. A trail is provided for bird-watching. Bird species include lanner falcon, egyptian goose, pied kingfisher and white-faced whistling duck.